Könige Schottlands




The Synod of Whitby (664)

The Treaty of Falaise (1174)

Quitclaim of Canterbury (1189)

The Treaty of York (1237)

The Treaty of Perth (1266)

Homage of Alexander III. to Edward I. (1278)

Acknowledgment of The Maid of Norway as Heir of Al

The Declaration of Arbroath (1320) - Latein

The Declaration of Arbroath (1320) - Englisch

The Treaty of Edinburgh - Northampton (1328)

The Treaty of Berwick (1357)

The Settlement of Succession (1373)

Treaties of Greenwich (1543)

Treaty of Edinburgh (1560)

Bill of Rights (1689)

Letter from the Scottish Convention to the Prince

The Act of Settlement (1701)

Antecendants of the treaty of Union (1703-1705)

The Act of Union (1707)

The Scottish Convention (1950)






Nachdem König Haakon gescheitert war, die norwegische Autorität auf den westlichen Inseln wieder geltend zu machen, wurden die westlichen Inseln und die Isle of man an Schottland abgetreten.

This settlement and final agreement for terminating the disagreements, complaints, losses, damage and disputes concerning the isles of Man and the Sudreys and of the rights thereof was made, with the help of divine providence, between magnificent and illustrious princes the lords Magnus IV, by the grace of God illustrious King of Norway, by his solemn envoys..., on one side, and the lord Alexander III, by the same grace illustrious King of Scots, personally compearing there with the clergy and greater magnates of his realm, on the other, in this form, viz: That the said lord Magnus, King of Norway,... granted, resigned and quit-claimed... for himself and his heirs for ever, Man with the rest of the Sudreys and all other islands on the west and south of the great sea, with all right which he and his progenitors had of old therein or he and his heirs shall have in future...; to be held, had and possessed by the same lord Alexander III, King of Scots, and his heirs, with demesne-lands, homages, rents, without retention, along with the right of patronage of the bishopric of Man (saving, in all and by all, the right, jurisdiction and liberty of the church of Nidaros, if it have any, in the bishopric of Man); and excepting the islands of Orkney and Yhetland which the said king of Norway has reserved specially to his domain, with their demesne-lands, homages and rents, services and all their rights and pertinents within their borders; in such wise that all the men of the said lord king of Scots, as well lesser as greater, shall be judged and dealt with according to them henceforth, but for misdeeds or injuries and damage which they have committed hitherto while they adhered to the said kin of Norway they be no wise punished or molested in their heritages in those islands but stand peacefully therein under the lordship of the king of Scots as other free men and lieges of the said lord king who are known to enjoy the most free justice unless they do anything else on account of which they ought to be justly punished according to the approved laws and customs of the realm of Scotland; if they should wish to remain in the said islands under the lordship of the said lord king of Scots, they may do so, with their goods, lawfully, freely and in full peace; so that they be not compelled either or to retire contrary to the laws and customs of the realm of Scotland and their own will. Therefore the foresaid lord Alexander, king of Scots,... and his heirs... shall give and render for ever to the said king of Norway and his heirs and their assignees within the octave of the nativity of St John the Baptist, in Orkney, that is, in the land of the lord king of Norway, in the church of St Magnus, into the hand of the bishop of Orkney or the bailie of the said lord king of Norway thereto specially deputed by him, or, if the bishop or bailie be not found there, shall deposit in the said church, in the custody of the canons thereof (for the use of the said lord king of Norway) - who shall give to them letters of discharge and receipt - the sum of a hundred merks good and lawful sterling yearly, to be counted according to the manner and use of the Roman court and the realms of France, England and Scotland; and also 4000 merks sterling to be counted in the same way within the next four years at place and term foresaid, namely, 1000 merks in the octave of the nativity of St John the Baptist in the year of grace 1267, with 100 merks of the foresaid annual, [and likewise for 1268, 1269 and 1270, after which the 100 merks of annual only].... If it happen (which God forbid!) that the men of the king of Norway suffer shipwreck in the kingdom or domain of the king of Scotland, or contrariwise, it shall be lawful for them, either in person or by others, freely and quietly to gather their ships, broken or shattered, along with all their goods, and to have them, to sell and to dispose of them, without any claim, as long as they have not abandoned them. And if anything fraudulently or violently from these goods or ships, and is convicted thereof, let him be punished as a plunderer and breaker of the peace as he deserves....

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